As part of its efforts to promote mobility and intercultural understanding, the European Union (EU) has designated language learning as an important priority and funds numerous programmes and projects in this area.
Multilingualism, in the EU’s view, is an important element in Europe’s competitiveness. One of the objectives of the EU’s language policy is therefore that every European citizen should master two other languages in addition to their mother tongue.
This has given rise to commonly referenced ‘1+2’ designation. Ireland finds itself in a unique situation where there are also two national languages so the aspiration is that citizens will acquire ‘2+2’.